Intersectoral alliances: generate co-participation mechanisms between NGOs, companies, governments and citizens to detonate networks and cooperation processes, aimed at solving a specific problem. All three sectors -public, private and civil society- have specific roles to play in order to keep communities and countries stable and prosperous. Each sector has unique abilities that it can offer to the other, but often remain untapped, since each sector is viewed in isolation from the other two; the work meetings, the methodology for the generation of alliances and the spirit of work, are aimed at combining the efforts and potential of the sectors through getting to know each other and after fostering cooperative ties.
Value chain: theoretical concept that describes the way in which the actions and activities of a company are developed. Based on the definition of a chain, it is possible to find different "links" that intervene in an economic process: it starts with the raw material and reaches the distribution of the finished product. In each link, value is added, which, in competitive terms, is understood as the amount that consumers are willing to pay for a certain product or service. Two types of activities can be distinguished in the value chain: primary activities, which are a group of actions focused on the physical preparation of each product, and the process of transfer to the buyer.
Creativity: it is a dynamic process, it is a living and changing force of the human being; that is to say, it is the engine of personal development and has been the basis of the progress of every culture. It is an indispensable element of every human being; thanks to it, society, individuals and organizations have evolved and developed.
Community development: educational process, where the agent is not only dedicated to identifying, diagnosing and giving recommendations for solving problems, rather, it leads the community to organize, define needs, formulate plans, carry out activities that lead it to continuously raise its standard of living. It can be defined as the aggregation of economic value that comes from small cultural centers, be they the family, small associations or common groups.
Sustainable human development: it is a process of progressive change in the quality of life of the human being, which places it as the center and primary subject of development, through economic growth with social equity, the transformation of production methods and consumption patterns that are sustained by the ecological balance and life support of the region. This process implies respect for regional, national and local ethnic and cultural diversity, as well as the strengthening and full citizen participation in harmonious coexistence with nature, without compromising and guaranteeing the quality of life of future generations.
Sustainable local development: focuses on seeking to improve the quality of human life at the local level. It is built from the real role of people (families, children, producers, organizations and local institutions). For sustainable local development to become a reality, the community must set its own objectives and goals, have confidence in the strength of the community itself, value and affirm the culture together with their own traditional knowledge and autonomous forms of coexistence.
Circular economy: system of use of resources where the reduction of the elements prevails: minimize production to the bare minimum, and when it is necessary to use the product, bet on the reuse of elements that due to their properties cannot return to the environment
Sharing economy: “An economic system in which goods and services are shared and exchanged through digital platforms” (Wikipedia). The difference is the enormous efficiency and precision with which –through complex algorithms that estimate flows, needs and volumes almost instantaneously– technology reads and interprets supply-demand cycles. But the most important thing is that one will be able to provide goods and services without depending on an employer.
Participatory economy: also known as ParEcon. It is one of the libertarian alternatives to the capitalist market economy and to centralized planning proper to state socialism. This economic proposal rejects any permanent hierarchy and there is no class structure; the values they are trying to achieve are equity, solidarity, diversity and participatory self-management. It seeks not to confront the producer and the consumer. Consciously, producers and consumers can plan how to coordinate their relationship in a democratic, equitable and efficient way.
Solidarity economy: is a search for alternative ways of doing economy, based on solidarity and work. The principle is that the introduction of increasing and qualitatively higher levels of solidarity increases micro and macroeconomic efficiency, along with generating a set of social and cultural benefits that favor the entire society.
Sustainable economy: also known as enduring or sustainable development, characterizes a type of socio-economic development which was institutionalized in 1987. Its key function is to "meet the needs of present generations without compromising the possibilities of those of the future to meet their own needs". The sustainable economy consists of carrying out activities that take into account the environment and the permanence of resources in the future. The financial activities carried out by any country can seek both social and environmental improvement, both now and in the future.
Innovation: is to use knowledge, and generate it if necessary, to create products, services or processes, that are new to the company, or improve existing ones, thereby achieving success in the market ”(Oslo Manual 1997). It tells us that innovating is using knowledge to create products, services and processes and bringing them to the market, it is synonymous with successfully producing, assimilating and exploiting a novelty, in the economic and social spheres, in a way that provides unprecedented solutions to problems and thus enables us to respond to the needs of people and society.
SDG: the Sustainable Development Goals were adopted by all Member States in 2015 as a universal call to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030. The 17 SDGs are integrated, as they recognize that interventions in one area will affect the results of others and that development must balance environmental, economic and social sustainability. They have been designed to bring several life-changing “zeros” to the world, including zero poverty, zero hunger, zero AIDS and zero discrimination against women and girls. Everyone is needed to achieve these ambitious goals. The creativity, knowledge, technology and financial resources of the entire society are needed to achieve the SDGs in every context.
Social participation: it is a process linked to the needs and motivations of different groups, as well as the dynamics of the relationships established between them at different times, conditions and spaces, what is forming a set of networks that stimulate or hinder the development of authentic participatory processes (Dávalos, 1997).
People in disability situation: with this reference, SENADIS (National Disability Service) incorporates the social perspective, breaking down barriers and obstacles, that is, eliminating the idea that the person is to blame for his own disability, but actually disability comes from the context that society imposes, both physical and social barriers.
Strategic Plan for Sustainable Development: the Strategic Plan 2018-2021 sets the course for a new UNDP (United Nations Development Program), focused on helping countries end extreme poverty, reduce inequality and achieve the goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Sorority: a group formed by friendship and reciprocity between women who share the same ideal and work to achieve the same goal.
It is an ethical, political and practical dimension of contemporary feminism. It is an experience of women that leads to the search for positive relationships and to the existential and political alliance, body to body, subjectivity to subjectivity with other women, to contribute with specific actions to the social elimination of all forms of oppression and to the mutual support to achieve the generic power of all and to the vital empowerment of each woman.
Sustainability (availability of resources approach): it is to assume that nature and the environment are not an inexhaustible source of resources, being necessary their protection and rational use, it is promoting social development seeking cohesion between communities and cultures to achieve satisfactory levels of quality of life, health and education, it is promoting economic growth that generates equitable wealth for all without harming the environment.
Sustainability (conservation over time approach): process that aims to find the balance between the environment and the use of natural resources. Humanity in its passage through the planet has degraded natural resources in such a way that it is currently necessary to conscientiously seek and plan their consumption to guarantee their existence in future generations. Under the economical point of view, it is the ability to achieve sustained economic prosperity over time while protecting the planet's natural systems and providing a high quality of life for people.
Social sustainability: it means taking a socially responsible attitude and leaving the next generation a stable world. The survival strategy of humanity and the planet is decisive, so as not to hinder a series of activities that can no longer be limited to increasing profit alone, no matter how much profit is the productive matrix of this same system.
Vulnerability: is the inability to resist when a threatening phenomenon occurs, or the inability to recover after a disaster has occurred. Depends on different factors, such as the person's age and health, hygienic and environmental conditions, as well as the quality and conditions of the buildings and their location in relation to the threats.